Czapp Explains: The South Korean Sugar Industry

South Korea doesn’t produce any of its own cane or beet sugar; instead, it imports raw sugar to be refined.


Three refiners operate in South Korea, owned by CJ Corp, Samyang Corp, and TS Corp.

They are protected by a 30% duty on refined sugar imports after the first 100k of annual arrivals.

When the refiners do opt to import hi-pol sugar, they tend to favour Australian supply (over Thailand) due to quality specifications, even though they both incur no duty.

Central American supply also entered duty-free late on in 2019.

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This Czapp Explainer was Published on the 16th April 2021.

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Czapp Explains: Drybulk Ocean Freight – Who’s Who

Welcome to the second instalment of Czapp’s course on freight.

In the first episode we looked at the different ways that cargo can be moved through supply chains around the world. Now we will examine the drybulk freight market in more detail.

Stephen Geldart

2 months ago

4 min read

Raw Sugar vs White Sugar

  • Raw sugar is not fit for human consumption.
  • It requires further processing at a refinery to become food grade.
  • White sugar is a food-grade product which requires more careful handling.
Hannah Parsons

Stephen Geldart

7 months ago

2 min read