Thai Pineapple: El Nino’s Impact on 2023 Production

Insight Focus

  • Winter production shrinks due to dry weather and absence of rainfall since Q1.
  • Farmers lost some of their seeds and are switching to higher returning crops.
  • Demand remains strong and so FOB prices are high for Q4.

Thailand Pineapple Production vs El Nino 

Thai pineapple farmers have been hit by El Nino. Pineapples have developed poorly this year with stunted growth caused by dry weather, especially the absence of rainfall in Q1’23. During this time the weather was hot as well as dry, so some of the younger pineapple plants wilted and eventually died

Farmers have therefore lost winter pineapple production, leading to a reduction in 2023 output.

Thai Pineapple Output

As a result, we think Thailand will only make around 1m tonnes of pineapple in 2023, the lowest in more than a decade.

As well as losses due to the weather, some farmers have decided to plant cassava and sugar cane instead of pineapple. This is because cassava and cane prices are high and so provide a better return.

Historical Pineapple Yield 

Those farmers who chose to grow pineapples now face harvesting delays because the crop is still not mature enough. Processing factories are reporting slow arrival of fruit.

This is unfortunate because demand for pineapple, pineapple juice concentrate (PJC) and processed pineapple (dices, etc.) is still high, especially from Asia and Europe. As a result, pineapple prices have been rising since Q1 and currently stand at 9.60 THB/kg. This is 37% higher than this time last year. We expect the price for pineapple and FOB PJC to continue to rise in Q4. 

Historical Pineapple Price 

Sign Up For Your Free Account On Czapp

Want to receive free tailored notifications straight to your inbox?

Join Czapp

Kanjanaporn Dechwan

Kanjanaporn (Atom) joined Czarnikow’s analysis team mid-2022, she graduated with a degree of Agriculture from Thailand (previously explored Food science and Technology & Agriculture for 6 months as an intern in Japan). Before joining Czarnikow, Atom began her career in the entertainment industry and is now responsible for Czapp content from Thailand, Crop production data and other market analysis such as Sugarcane, Grain, Cassava etc.

See More From This Author

Farmer Diaries (China): Planting For The New Cane Crop

February is the traditional Chinese New Year, and this year is the Year of the Dragon. I went out and returned to Guangxi during the Spring Festival, and looking back now may not have been a good decision. The number of people traveling during this year’s Spring Festival is particularly high, and I was stuck in traffic for more than ten kilometers on the way back!

Xiaoqing Ke

2 days ago

1 min